Truck Driver Hours of Service Rules: What Are They?
Truck driver hours of service rules for and how truck driver fatigue contributes to crashes
Below are the truck driver hours of service rules for property-carrying and passenger-carrying CMV drivers.
What are the truck driver hours of service rules for property-carrying commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers?
- 11-hour driving limit: May drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.
- 14-hour limit: May not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.
- 60/70-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.
- Sleeper berth provision: Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.
What are the truck driver hours of service rules for passenger-carrying CMV drivers?
- 10-hour driving limit: May drive a maximum of 10 hours after 8 consecutive hours off duty.
- 15-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after having been on duty for 15 hours, following 8 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time is not included in the 15-hour period.
- 60/70-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days.
- Sleeper berth provision: Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 hours in the sleeper berth, and may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours.
What does on-duty time include?
On-duty time is defined as time the truck driver begins to work or is required to be ready to work until relieved from all work and responsibility for doing the work. On-duty time includes:
- All time at a loading or unloading facility, terminal or any public or private property waiting to be dispatched, unless the motor carrier has relieved him or her from duty;
- All time spent inspecting the truck equipment;
- All truck driving time;
- All time, other than truck driving time, spent in a commercial vehicle except time spent resting in the sleeper cab;
- All time while remaining in attendance, repairing or obtaining assistance;
- All time spent including travel time taking a drug and alcohol test;
- All time performing any work in the service or employment of a common or private motor carrier; or
- All time spent performing any compensated work for any non-motor carrier business.
Truck Driver Hours of Service Rules Violations and Penalties
- Truck drivers may be placed out-of-service (shut down) at roadside until the driver has accumulated enough off-duty time to be back in compliance.
- State enforcement officials may assess fines.
- Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration may levy civil penalties on the driver or carrier, ranging from $550 to $11,000 per violation depending on severity.
- Motor carrier’s safety rating can be down-graded for a pattern of violations.
- Federal criminal penalties can be brought against truck driver employers who knowingly and willfully allow or require hours-of-service violations.
Truck driver fatigue and hours of service rules
Truck driver fatigue contributes to countless serious truck accidents each year.
Many truckers continue to ignore the truck driver hours of service rules and are driving fatigued, due to intense pressure by irresponsible company management to deliver loads on time, and ill-advised financial incentives.
Our truck accident lawyers can prove negligence when truck driver fatigue has contributed to a truck accident.
Get help from a truck accident lawyer today
To speak with one of our experienced truck accident lawyers, call Michigan Auto Law at (800) 777-0028, or fill out our contact form for an auto accident lawyer free consultation. There’s no fee or obligation.
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