Trucking Hours of service (HOS)
Regulated hours for truck drivers and how truck driver fatigue contributes to crashes
Below are the hours of service regulations for property-carrying and passenger-carrying CMV drivers, until July 1, 2013.
Property-carrying commercial motor vehicle drivers
- 11-hour driving limit: May drive a maximum of 11 hours after 10 consecutive hours off duty.
- 14-hour limit: May not drive beyond the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty, following 10 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time does not extend the 14-hour period.
- 60/70-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days. A driver may restart a 7/8 consecutive day period after taking 34 or more consecutive hours off duty.
- Sleeper berth provision: Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two
Passenger-carrying CMV drivers
- 10-hour driving limit: May drive a maximum of 10 hours after 8 consecutive hours off duty.
- 15-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after having been on duty for 15 hours, following 8 consecutive hours off duty. Off-duty time is not included in the 15-hour period.
- 60/70-hour on-duty limit: May not drive after 60/70 hours on duty in 7/8 consecutive days.
- Sleeper berth provision: Drivers using a sleeper berth must take at least 8 hours in the sleeper berth, and may split the sleeper-berth time into two periods provided neither is less than 2 hours.
On-duty time is defined as time the truck driver begins to work or is required to be ready to work until relieved from all work and responsibility for doing the work, to include:
- All time at a loading or unloading facility, terminal or any public or private property waiting to be dispatched, unless the motor carrier has relieved him or her from duty;
- All time spent inspecting the truck equipment;
- All truck driving time;
- All time, other than truck driving time, spent in a commercial vehicle except time spent resting in the sleeper cab;
- All time while remaining in attendance, repairing or obtaining assistance;
- All time spent including travel time taking a drug and alcohol test;
- All time performing any work in the service or employment of a common or private motor carrier; or
- All time spent performing any compensated work for any non-motor carrier business.
Here’s more information on Hours of service from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
Truck driver fatigue
Truck driver fatigue contributes to countless serious truck accidents each year. Many truckers continue driving when fatigued, due to intense pressure by irresponsible company management to deliver loads on time, and ill-advised financial incentives to drive past regulated hours.
Our attorneys can prove negligence when truck driver fatigue has contributed to a truck accident.
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